school

School for teaching [OE] and school of fish [14] are different words. The former was borrowed into prehistoric Germanic from medieval Latin scōla, and has since evolved into German schule, Dutch school, Swedish skola, and Danish skole, as well as English school. The medieval Latin word itself goes back via classical Latin schola to Greek skholé. This originally denoted ‘leisure’, and only gradually developed through ‘leisure used for intellectual argument or education’ and ‘lecture’ to ‘school’ (in the sense ‘educational assembly’) and finally ‘school’ the building. The Latin word has spread throughout Europe, not just in the Romance languages (French école, Italian scuola, Spanish escuela), but also into Welsh ysgol, Irish scoil, Latvian skuola, Russian shkola, Polish szkola, etc. Derivatives of the Latin word in English include scholar [14] and scholastic [16]. School of fish was borrowed from Middle Dutch schōle ‘troop, group’. This went back to a prehistoric West Germanic *skulo, which may have been derived from the base *skal-, *skel-, *skul- ‘split, divide’ (source also of English scale, scalp, shell, etc); if so, it would mean etymologically a ‘division’. => SCHOLAR, SCHOLASTIC; SHOAL
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   The word goes back to Latin schola in the same sense, this in turn deriving from Greek skhole, 'leisure,' that is, leisure in disputing and the pursuit of knowledge. This word replaced the native Old English one, which was larhus, literally 'lore house.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • school — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I n. See school, assemblage. II Educational institution Nouns 1. school, academy, university, alma mater, college, multiversity, land grant college, cluster college, junior college, community college,… …   English dictionary for students

  • School — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:School >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 school school academy university alma mater college seminary Lyceum Sgm: N 1 institute institute institution Sgm: N 1 palaestra palaestra …   English dictionary for students

  • School — School, n. [OE. scole, AS. sc?lu, L. schola, Gr. ? leisure, that in which leisure is employed, disputation, lecture, a school, probably from the same root as ?, the original sense being perhaps, a stopping, a resting. See {Scheme}.] 1. A place… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • school — school1 [sko͞ol] n. [ME scole < OE scol < L schola, school < Gr scholē, leisure, that in which leisure is employed, discussion, philosophy, school < IE base * seĝh , to hold fast, overcome > SCHEME] 1. a place or institution for… …   English World dictionary

  • School 4 — is one of several public elementary schools serving Clifton, New Jersey, United States, as part of the Clifton Public Schools. It is located on West Second Street. It is one of 17 public elementary schools serving the city of Clifton.As of the… …   Wikipedia

  • school — Ⅰ. school [1] ► NOUN 1) an institution for educating children. 2) a day s work at school; lessons. 3) any institution at which instruction is given in a particular discipline. 4) a department or faculty of a university. 5) N. Amer. informal a… …   English terms dictionary

  • school — for teaching [OE] and school of fish [14] are different words. The former was borrowed into prehistoric Germanic from medieval Latin scōla, and has since evolved into German schule, Dutch school, Swedish skola, and Danish skole, as well as… …   Word origins

  • school — [n1] place, system for educating academy, alma mater, blackboard*, college, department, discipline, establishment, faculty, hall, halls of ivy*, institute, institution, jail*, schoolhouse, seminary, university; concepts 287,289 school [n2]… …   New thesaurus

  • School — School, n. [For shoal a crowd; prob. confused with school for learning.] A shoal; a multitude; as, a school of fish. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • School — School, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Schooled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Schooling}.] 1. To train in an institution of learning; to educate at a school; to teach. [1913 Webster] He s gentle, never schooled, and yet learned. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To tutor; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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